Maria Montessori 1870-1952

Posted by - February 23, 2015

Montessori System, purpose and Method She was basically a doctor by profession; she was working with mentally handicapped children in Italy in a hospital where she developed a child-centered approach to teach such students, this approach was known as Montessori system of education. It was a system of education for young children that seek to

John Dewey Laboratory School 1859-1952

Posted by - February 23, 2015

Purpose and Method John Dewey was born 1859; he was a pragmatist and experimentalist. He tested every hypothesis by its consequences. According to him: There is no absolute value, knowledge and reality Action is real Man is an active being Man is capable of solving his problems through the logic of scientific method According to

Froebel – The Kindergarten

Posted by - February 22, 2015

He was a German educationist. In 1877 he established a school named Kindergarten or Childers’s garden, so he developed the basic idea about children’s education. According to him, children were like a flower and teacher was a Gardner. He stressed that each child has the ability to learn. We should provide him freedom so that

Imam Ghazali

Imam Ghazali

Posted by - February 18, 2015

Abu Hāmed Mohammad ibn Mohammad al-Ghazzālī (1058–1111) (Persian: ابو حامد محمد ابن محمد الغزالی‎), known as Algazel to the western medieval world, born and died in Tus, in the Khorasan province of Persia (modern day Iran) was a Persian Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic. Imam Ghazali was born in at Ghazala near Tus in

Micro Teaching Cycle

Posted by - February 9, 2015

Micro Teaching Micro teaching is a procedure in which a student teacher practices teaching with a reduced number of pupils in a reduced period of time with emphasis on a narrow and specific teaching skill. Steps of Micro Teaching Cycle The six steps generally involved in micro-teaching cycle are Plan, Teach, Feedback, Re-plan, Re-teach, and

Micro Teaching

Posted by - February 9, 2015

Origin and Development of Micro-Teaching The idea of micro-teaching originated for the first time at Stanford University in USA, when an Experimental Project on the identification of teaching skills was in progress under the guidance and supervision of the faculty members (Bush, Allen, McDonald Acheson and many others). This project was aided by Ford Foundation

Pedagogy VS Andragogy

Pedagogy vs Andragogy

Posted by - February 7, 2015

Pedagogy As Elaine Biech, author of Training for Dummies (2005) points out, pedagogy is a traditional style of teaching based on a didactic model, or lecturing. Generally, this model is content-centred and instructor-led. Pedagogy literally means the art of teaching children. Whereas adults learn primarily because they want or need to, children’s formal learning is

Educational Softwares

Posted by - February 7, 2015

Educational software is computer software, the primary purpose of which is teaching or self-learning. History The use of computer hardware and software in education and training dates to the early 1940s, when American researchers developed flight simulators which used analog computers to generate simulated on-board instrument data. One such system was the type19 synthetic radar

Philosophy vs Religion

Posted by - February 7, 2015

When looking for meaning in the world, people often turn to philosophy or religion. Both of these studies strive to understand many of the same ideas: Where did we come from? What is the meaning of life? What does it mean to be “good” or “bad”? What happens after we die? Yet they take different

Leaves Rules 1981 for Govt. Employees

Posted by - February 5, 2015

Leave rules 1981 are still applicable and there are amendments and explanations time to time. Leave rules for all the civil Govt. Employees of Federal as well as Provincial Govt. Employees has been fully described here. The detail of Leaves on full pay, leave on half pay, medical leave, special leave for female staff, maternity